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The technology behind the electric vehicle

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The technology behind the electric vehicle,The technology behind the electric vehicle can be complicated, but the concept behind it isn’t hard to understand. The most basic difference between an electric car and a gas-powered one is the energy source used to drive the car. In a gas-powered car, fuel gets burned in an engine, creating heat that turns the wheels of the car and makes it move forward. In an electric car, a battery transfers electrical energy to an electric motor in order to drive the wheels of the car forward and make it move down the road.

The battery

A modern electric vehicle (EV) is essentially an electric car with a range extender. While the motor can power the wheels on its own, it might not go far enough, so to give drivers more confidence, EVs are equipped with a battery that can provide additional power when needed. For example, while cruising down the highway at 60 miles per hour in your EV, the battery could start running low and the motor will kick in and keep you moving until you’ve slowed down or stopped for charging. You might think of it as an onboard backup generator—just much more powerful than anything you’re used to seeing in your home. The key point here is that all electric vehicles have some sort of rechargeable batteries: either one big one or two smaller ones.

The powertrain

In an electric vehicle, the powertrain refers to the parts of the car that transform stored energy into usable motion. These include components like the motor, transmission and controller. Since EVs are electrically driven, they don’t have a traditional engine or transmission (which we’ll get to in a second). The powertrain serves as the engine for the EV. Depending on your goals for range and speed, you can tailor an EV powertrain with greater or fewer numbers of batteries and motors—some cars have one motor and two or three batteries; others have three motors and six batteries!

The chassis

Your typical electric vehicle consists of a battery, a motor and an axle, called the chassis. The battery powers the motor through an inverter that converts direct current to alternating current. The axle is responsible for turning rotational energy into movement by converting it into the forward and backward motion you see on the road. The chassis of the vehicle can be made out of aluminum or magnesium in order to keep it lightweight but also strong enough to withstand all those cornering moments you’ll find yourself in once on the road. Most recently, carbon fiber has become popular because of its resistance to damage during high-pressure situations as well as its affordability when compared with other metals like aluminum and magnesium. However, carbon fiber’s weight usually keeps car manufacturers from using it as a primary material in their chassis design.https://afdc.energy.gov/vehicles/how-do-all-electric-cars-work

The software

Software is at the heart of every electric vehicle. The ability to manage battery energy, maintain a stable and smooth ride, and ensure safety is essential in a world where we’re moving further into the digital space. Luckily, the software powering these machines is progressing quickly; many believe it will be the next key area of innovation for car manufacturers. It’s worth keeping an eye on: cars equipped with advanced software can better anticipate your needs and you might find that you never want to drive a car without it again.

advantages

It’s well-known that electric vehicles (EVs) have better energy efficiency than gas cars. Less well-known are the environmental and public health benefits of EVs versus internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles. The electricity used to power an EV comes from a variety of sources, from solar panels to conventional power plants. However, most studies have found that EVs have lower greenhouse gas emissions than ICE vehicles and produce fewer other air pollutants. In addition, less energy is required for EV manufacturing than traditional auto manufacturing.

best for environmet

When it comes to technology, electric vehicles are superior in many ways. Not only do they emit no emissions and cause no harm to the environment, but their cost of operation is much lower than that of gasoline-fueled cars. That makes them one of the best options for anyone who lives in an area with a high cost of living or environmental regulations. Overall, EVs require much less maintenance, have higher safety ratings, and save owners money on overall fuel costs. For example, in large cities like LA where gas prices hover around $4 a gallon, you could expect your EV to pay for itself within 6 years based solely on its reduced cost of operation.

good for nature

It’s easy to think of electric vehicles as beneficial to the environment only in the abstract. But according to a new study, our EV lifestyle may be more environmentally friendly than we think. The study compared three California counties where residents have had access to EVs for at least a decade with rural counties that have limited EV charging infrastructure. It found that drivers of EVs charge their cars mostly during off-peak hours, resulting in fewer greenhouse gas emissions than what would be expected if they were using gasoline cars instead. Why?

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